How To Help Students With Learning Difficulties
According to Caine and Caine’s Brain-Based Learning theories, Each Brain is uniquely organized. All the individuals are unique, and every brain/mind is social. Every child learns in a different way. The differentiated methods of teaching-learning theories like Multiple Intelligence, VAK (Visual-Auditory-Kinaesthetic) Learning, Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theories can be applied in classroom teaching strategies to cater to the needs of the students those who have learning difficulties in the classroom.
Even though these theories can be universally applied to the students of all varieties, but they can enhance the learnings of those students that may face one or another problem while comprehending and understanding the work that has been done in the class, and in turn, it may also affect the work to be done at home.
Teaching them “how to learn”, can be used as a strategy while catering to the needs of such students.
The constructive or Cognitivist approach can be applied in such cases, as the students may learn with the teacher being an intermediator rather than a disciplinarian. The activity-based learning method is the best suited for such type of students, as their brains are organized in such way that even though they may have comprehended the direct method of teaching, but their brains can very well possess the teaching done through activities.
It has been said that “Learning involves both focussed attention as well as peripheral perception”.
What can be done for the learning?
The teachers, as well as parents, can use the strategy of peripheral perception wherein the students have all the TLM (Teaching-Learning material) within the periphery of their eyes. VAK model for teaching can be used in such cases, seeing the learning patterns of the students. These students should not be pestered with too much work. They should be given proper guidance and constantly given feedback. Appreciation tokens may work best in such cases, wherein the students are appreciated for the achievement of even small tasks. Since Emotions are critical to patterning, the students must be dealt in such a way that “Powerful learning is enhanced by rich emotional experiences”. They must not be labeled and should be treated like other class students.
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According to Kolb, Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience”. Some of the chapters can be taught through Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle (which includes learning through four bases-experience, reflection, conceptualization, and experimenting). The learner can enter the cycle from any base and must complete all the four stages. This enhances the learning process and gives time for reflection and consolidation.
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